Avoiding sugar is one of the best ways to lose weight fast. For some people, it is easy to cut back sugar from their diet, but for some, it is a nightmare. Those people add artificial sweeteners to their diet to satisfy their cravings. However, some experts say that artificial sweeteners are not inert completely for the metabolism of a person. It is said that artificial sweeteners can raise the insulin and blood sugar levels of the body. But the question is – do artificial sweeteners raise blood sugar? Read on this article.
What are artificial sweeteners?
Artificial sweeteners are low-calorie synthetic compounds that taste sweet and stimulate the tongue’s sweet taste buds. These are also known as low-calorie sweeteners or sugar substitutes.
These sweeteners offer a sweet taste without increasing your calorie intake. These sweeteners are too sweet that it only requires a small amount to make a product sweetened.
Artificial sweeteners are getting popular and are used almost in every product. From diet sodas and desserts to dairy products and baked goods, you will find them everywhere. They add no calories to your diet and are thought to prevent escalating insulin levels.
The most common artificial sweeteners include:
Ace K (Acesulfame Potassium)
How do blood sugar and insulin level rises?
We eat carb-containing foods. Our blood sugar level rises when we eat pasta, flour, cakes, cookies, potato, soft drinks, or other carb-containing foods. Carbs are broken down into simple sugars. These sugars are absorbed into the bloodstream.
The rise in sugar levels triggers the release of insulin. Insulin hormone stabilizes the blood sugar level and allows our cells to make efficient use of energy. When our blood sugar level is decreased – stored sugar in the liver is utilized to perform various functions. This usually happens when we fast.
Some studies have shown a slight increase in insulin level when utilizing artificial sweeteners.
Regular use of these sweeteners also causes insulin resistance. Both cases can lead to an increase in blood sugar and insulin level in the body.
Do artificial sweeteners raise blood sugar?
If artificial sweeteners are used occasionally, it will not raise your blood sugar level. However, it may disturb your gut bacteria and lead to an increase in blood sugar levels.
These studies are not tested properly on humans. So the long-term impacts of consuming these artificial sweeteners are still unidentified.
Do artificial sweeteners raise insulin levels?
Different artificial sweeteners react differently. Sucralose can increase the insulin level by stimulating the sweet taste buds. Few experiments were done by directly injecting sucralose into the stomach. It didn’t raise the insulin level. So it was concluded that stimulation of mouth receptors is significant in raising the insulin level.
Similar to sucralose: saccharin is also linked with the rise in insulin level – however, the results are mixed, and in some instances, saccharin does not affect the insulin level.
Similarly, Ace K raises the insulin level, but further studies are required to confirm the results.
Can a diabetic patient use artificial sweeteners?
Artificial sweeteners are considered safe for diabetic patients. These sweeteners will not raise the blood sugar level as regular sugary products do. Detailed studies are required to see the effects of these sweeteners on a long-term basis.
These artificial sweeteners are also safe to consume by dieters. However, if you face any negative impact of these sweeteners, you can limit their usage or completely avoid them.
Artificial sweeteners are expensive and sometimes not easily available. They cannot withstand high temperatures, so it is a poor idea to use in baking.
If you have a sweet tooth, you can always rely on natural sugar sources like mango, dates, and other fruits. Diabetic patients must consume these fruits in low to moderate quantities.
If you are a diabetic person or on a diet: ask your doctor before consuming these artificial sweeteners.