Joint pain

Joint pain

Where two bones meet, they make a joint. Our skeleton has many bones. These joints allow the bones to move freely. The discomfort, inflammation, and pain are referred to the joint pain. The pain can be mild to severe.

The joint pain can become severe while lifting or pulling heavy objects. It can be due to an injury, illness, or any other factor. Arthritis can also be a cause of joint pain.

Causes of joint pain

There are many causes of joint pain:

  • Arthritis: It is the most common cause of joint pain that causes discomfort in the knees, hands, and wrist. It ultimately causes the distortion of joints.
  • Tendinitis: It is painful and caused due to repetitive activities. It is inflammation of connective tissues between bones and muscles.
  • Bursitis: Bursa is a fluid-filled cushion-like structure that reduces the friction between the tissues during movement. The inflammation of the bursa is called Bursitis.
  • Lupus: Lupus is an auto-immune response where your body’s immune system attacks the normal tissues and organs. It can lead to joint pain. 
  • Gout: It is the painful form of arthritis where uric acid crystals are formed in the joints and causes pain.
  • Rickets: Weakening of bones that lead to deformation
  • Sarcoidosis: Patches of red and swollen tissue
  • Avascular necrosis: Temporary or permanent discontinuation of blood supply to the bones
  • Gonococcal arthritis: Infection of joint
  • Leukemia: Cancer of blood and bone marrow 
  • Hypothyroidism: It is a condition where the thyroid does not produce and release enough thyroid hormones into the bloodstream.
  • Lyme disease: Swelling of joints, warm feeling, and pain even while touching
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Osteomyelitis: Inflammation and swelling of bones
  • Sprains
  • Injury
  • Bone cancer
  • Paget’s disease of bone
  • Dislocation

Symptoms of joint pain

If your joint pain is getting prolonged, you need to consult your doctor. If you see any of these symptoms, talk to your health care provider.

  • Pain for more than 3-4 days
  • Red and swollen joints
  • Joints appear distorted
  • Severe pain and immovable joints
  • Swelling
  • Sudden injury or accident

When to see a doctor?

Mild pain can be treated at home. But if you have a sudden accident or injury, or you see swelling or redness around your joints, immediately see your doctor. Make an appointment with your doctor if your joints are not moving or the pain is severe.

Your doctor will perform a physical examination.

To check the internal cause of the pain: a joint X-ray is performed.

In case you have another cause, your doctor will perform a blood test. It will identify any autoimmune disorder that is linked with your joint pain.

Treatment of joint pain

If your joint pain is due to arthritis, it is not possible to treat it properly. However, there are many ways by which you can lower the intensity of the pain.

Make use of anti-inflammatory medicines and pain killers to relieve the pain, swelling, and inflammation. 

Perform stretching exercises to move your joints.

Follow an exercise routine with the approval of your doctor.

Try to maintain healthy body weight to avoid putting pressure on joints.

In some cases, surgery is performed to replace the defected joint.

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